Why Shimla Agreement Failed

In Shimla, Pakistan was rightly told that if India were prepared to return all the Pakistani areas it had conquered during the war, it would do nothing like that with regard to the Kashmiri territories that had been won. Regarding the 93,000 PoWs, Gandhi Bhutto politely stated, but that they could not be returned without the agreement of Bangladesh, which had not yet been recognized by Pakistan, and that they were determined to «bring to justice at least 195 Pakistani officers and men for war crimes». (A year later, the PoWs were sent home under a trilateral agreement between India, Bangladesh and Pakistan, without anyone having to answer for their actions in court.) During the negotiations, India persisted in moving the principle of bilateralism to settle future relations. He succeeded, but with the final agreement that contained the reservation, «or other peaceful means agreed upon by mutual agreement.» This has always allowed Pakistan to demand third-party mediation in India-Pakistan relations, but India strongly opposes any mediation, neither Pakistan nor any other country has ever sought such a role. Despite the United States, which is intervening in South Asia in times of high tension. Even if 5 August poses new challenges in how to remove the predatory excesses of a state, Pakistan should draw the world`s attention forcefully and often to the full text of the relevant clauses of the agreement to undress India from its democratic dressing and its recent attempt to strangle the cashmere people. In the meantime, it will be very useful if the opposition of our Parliament shows less bias and solidarity with a government that is going through an unprecedented national crisis at that time. The Simla agreement reads as a communiqué rather than a peace agreement with a country that had waged war on India. Nothing in the agreement has put Pakistan in a state of good behaviour in the future.

It also contained some ridiculous expectations, such as the clause that required both governments to «take all measures within their power to prevent hostile propaganda against each other.» This agreement is ratified by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and enters into force from the date of exchange of ratification instruments. [4] The Delhi Agreement on the Re-establishment of War and Civilian Internees is a tripartite agreement between these states, signed on 28 August 1973.